An outdoor living space, such as a patio or a deck, can be a valuable addition to your home, both for enjoyment and resale value. The terms “patio” and “deck” are frequently confused, and while there are many similarities between the two structures, there are also some key differences to consider when deciding which one is the best option for your yard. What’s the difference between the two, what distinguishes them, and how do you know which one is best for your home and lifestyle? Continue reading to find out!
What Is a Patio?
The term patio derives from the Spanish language and literally translates as a courtyard, though it differs from what is known as a courtyard today in that it lacks any surrounding walls. A patio is a concrete space in the backyard that is usually adjacent to the exterior of a house.
A patio is usually attached to the back or side of a house, but it can also be located further away from the house and be a separate structure. However, its proximity to the house plays a role in its practicality, as a patio is frequently used for an outdoor dining set, and food can be easily and conveniently carried outside. A patio, unlike a deck, is a flat slab built directly on the ground that is not significantly raised or has multiple levels.
Patios vary in size and shape; some are just big enough for two rocking chairs and a fire pit, while others can fit a hot tub, a large seating arrangement, and a dining set. A patio can be a square or rectangle-shaped slab that leads to the kitchen through a set of French doors, or it can wrap around a large portion of a house or surround a swimming pool. When deciding on the size of the patio, the size of the backyard and the budget are the two main determining factors.
Although large paving stones, tile, or bricks are also used, concrete is the most typical material used to build patios. A pergola is occasionally added to a patio for shade, comfort, and aesthetic interest. A patio is typically just a horizontal slab of ground that is not surrounded by any walls. It can be expensive to pour a concrete slab, so it must be sealed to make sure it will withstand the elements and last all year. While concrete pavers and tile are more durable, they may be more expensive initially, gravel is less expensive and easier to maintain.
What Is a Deck?
The nautical term used to describe the flat surface running the length of a ship is where the word “deck” first appeared. In terms of architecture, a deck is an elevated building that is either freestanding or attached to a home, has one or more levels, and is constructed so that people can enjoy the outdoors and extend their indoor living space.
Usually found at the back of a home, a deck looks out onto the backyard. It can be accessed from a number of rooms, but the typical entrances are through the kitchen, living room, or family room. It is elevated, sometimes reaching as high as the second or third floor of the house, unlike a patio, which is built directly on the ground.
Decks can range in size from small structures off a kitchen to multi-level outdoor spaces that can accommodate a variety of warm-weather activities. The size of the deck should be in proportion to the size of the house. Similar to a patio, the size of your deck will depend on the amount and type of furniture you intend to put on it, the size of your backyard, and your budget.
The three main materials used to build decks are wood, composite wood, and vinyl. All three are excellent options, but the one that’s best for you will depend on your budget, the appearance you’re going for, and how much maintenance you can handle. For example, if you decide on a cedar or pine deck, be ready for routine maintenance every couple of years to replace any loose screws or boards and to reapply paint or stain, in order to keep the deck in good shape and safe for use. Because they last longer and don’t warp or sustain as much weather-related damage as a wood deck can, composite wood and vinyl are popular building materials.
A deck, in contrast to a patio, is capable of having multiple levels and must have a railing for safety. 1 One or more staircases that descend into the backyard may occasionally be present on a deck. You may occasionally see larger properties with a patio on the ground level and one or more deck levels above it. Other times, the patio and deck are combined.
Differences Between a Patio and a Deck
- Built directly on the ground
- Does not require a railing
- Consists of a single level
- Built from concrete, tile or gravel
- Elevated off the ground
- Requires a railing
- Can consist of multiple levels
- Built from wood, composite wood or vinyl
How to Decide Between a Patio and a Deck
In order to choose between building a deck or patio in your backyard, it is crucial to understand the distinction between a patio and a deck as well as what their distinctive features are. Take into account the design and size of your house and backyard, the main activities you want the structure to support, and the project’s budget. Both require some maintenance, but a deck requires more work and can be more expensive as a result. As with other home improvement projects, check your local zoning laws first and enquire about any permits or inspections that may be necessary before beginning to build a patio or a deck.